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Border Collie

Border Collie dogs are medium sized, intelligent and affectionate dogs that love to be around people. These workaholic dogs possess an immense amount of endurance too. They are generally not good around small children, unless properly socialized and supervised. These highly active dogs deserve highly active owners too.

This breed of dogs is named Border Collie as it was developed in the England-Scotland border countries. This herding dog used to serve as a perfect sheep dog in farms. Nowadays, these dogs are largely being used as companion dogs and show dogs with agility training.

These dogs possess great speed and agility and these qualities can be put to constructive use with proper and early training. The Border Collie breed is also used for other serious purposes like police work, narcotics and bomb detection, search and rescue, guide for blind and handicapped individuals and other such jobs.

Physical Appearance

A typical hard working Border Collie dog is endowed with an equally athletic body with a square build. The well proportioned body consists of lean and light muscles to provide agility. The eyes are dark brown and oval. Either or the eyes could also be blue in color in merles. They have medium sized ears which can be erect or semi erect. The low set tail is moderately long. The overall physical and mental health of a Border Collie should be more of a concern rather than beauty and attractive appearance.

Color: Solid color, bi-color, tri-color, sable and merle are quite common in this breed. Black and white is the most common of all. Other colors include chocolate red and white, blue, lilac, black tri color, red tricolor, brindle and so on.
Height: The average height for male Border Collie dogs is 20 to 23 inches. Females usually grow to about 18 to 21 inches in height.
Weight: Generally, male Border Collies weigh around 30 to 45 pounds. The females, on the other hand, are considered healthy with weight ranging between 27 to 42 pounds.

Health Problems

Epilepsy, Trapped Neutrophil Syndrome, Canine Ceroid Lipofuscinosis, seizure disorders, hip dysplasia, allergies and other related health issues are commonly seen in Border Collie breed dogs. They are also susceptible to problems like degenerative joint diseases, hyperthermia, deafness and eye diseases, especially Collie Eye Anomaly and Progressive Retinal Atrophy. Besides, they are sensitive to barbiturate-based anesthesia.

Life Expectancy: The average Border Collie lifespan ranges between 12 to 15 years.


Border Collie dogs, though with double coat, are easy to groom. The undercoat is short and soft whereas the outer coat is long and medium textured. The coat can be of two types, that is, sleek or coarse. The outer coat can be straight or wavy. Both the types are equally popular. Weekly brushing of the hair coat is essential to keep it in good condition by removing the debris.

Needless to add, the grooming requirements increase during periods of seasonal shedding. They should be bathed only when necessary to retain the natural oils on the skin. Proper care should be taken to check for fleas and ticks on a regular basis. Other grooming activities like nail trimming, ear cleaning, tooth brushing should never be neglected.


Border Collie dog breed is characterized by qualities like alertness, smartness, independence, fearlessness, loyalty, sensitivity, intelligence, obedience, and unconditional love for the owner. They can be taught new tricks quite easily as they are quick and eager to learn due to their intelligence.

This responsive behavior is highly beneficial during the obedience training. Though, they can be strong willed and stubborn sometimes. But this is not very frequent. Boredom, lack of human attention and lack of training may result in destructive behavior like chewing, digging, escaping, excessive barking etc.

Apart from this, they can be reserved when dealing with strangers and hence make for good watchdogs. These strong and hyperactive dogs are sensitive to rough treatment by their owners. These dogs generally get along well with other pets with occasional bouts of herding instincts.

Key Points

These delightful dogs are so intelligent that they keenly observe human movements over a period of time and then start herding their owners too. So, make sure that you provide sufficient daily physical exercise and mental stimulation to you beloved Border Collie to keep him healthy and happy at all times.

They are not suitable for dull and inactive suburban apartment life. Instead, they do fairly well in rural setting where they get plenty of opportunity to fulfill their desire to work.


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