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Chow Chow

Chow Chow is a non sporting dog breed believed to have originated in China. This ancient breed was originally used for hunting and guarding purposes.

In earlier times, vicious Mongolian tribes kept these dogs as working dogs and even traded and slaughtered them for meat and fur. These unique dogs are characterized by a typical lion-like appearance.

These dogs may seem indifferent and even intimidating in the beginning owing to their appearance and aloof temperament. But, the fact is that these well behaved and dignified dogs do not seek extra attention from others and remain satisfied by serving their masters obediently.

Physical Appearance

Chow Chow is a medium to large sized dog breed with a square build. The erect ears are small and triangular in shape. The eyes are dark and almond shaped. The thick, bushy tail is set high and carried closely to the back.

Apart from the lion-like appearance, Chow Chow breed dogs are also distinguished by their typical blue-black tongues. Plus, there is a noticeable ruff around the neck that gives the dog its distinct lion-like appearance.

Color: Chow Chow breed dogs come in colors like black, blue, red, cinnamon and cream.
Height: The average height of both male as well as female Chow Chows is usually 18 to 22 inches.
Weight: The ideal weight for these dogs ranges between 45 to 70 pounds.

Health Problems

Some common health issues in Chow Chow dogs are Hip Dysplasia, Elbow Dysplasia, Patellar Luxation, Entropion, Glaucoma, Bloating, Hypothyroidism and other skin related problems.

These dogs should not be exposed to extremely hot temperatures and humidity as they are prone to heat prostration. Chow Chow dogs are prone to snoring as they tend to have relatively small muzzles.

Life Expectancy: The average lifespan of these dogs is generally 10 to 12 years or more.

Grooming Requirements

These dogs are available in both long haired and short haired varieties. The dense double coat can be smooth or rough in texture. Therefore, the proper upkeep of the hair coat calls for extensive grooming at least two times per week.

In addition, special care is needed during the shedding seasons when these dogs shed heavily. Smooth coated Chow Chows, though rare require less grooming as compared to the rough coated ones.

They should be bathed only when necessary. Other grooming activities like nail clipping, ear cleaning, teeth brushing etc should also be carried out on a regular basis.


Chow Chow breed dogs are independent, intelligent, calm, quiet, affectionate, loyal, brave, reserved and at times stubborn in temperament. They are usually a bit aloof and unlike other breed dogs do not show much interest in pleasing their owners.

These territorial dogs can be naturally suspicious of strangers. These dogs are less tolerant and hence can become aggressive easily. Therefore, they are usually better with older children rather than young children.

They can be aggressive toward smaller animals owing to their strong predatory instincts. Chow Chow puppies should be trained and socialized right from the beginning to avoid indiscipline. The protective Chow Chow dogs make for excellent watchdogs.

Key Points

The stubborn and strong willed Chow Chow dogs do best under the leadership of assertive owners who adopt gentle yet consistent training methods. Hence, they are usually not recommended for novice dog owners. The lazy Chow Chow dogs require only moderate amount of regular exercise

So, daily brisk walks are necessary to provide adequate physical as well as mental stimulation to these dogs. These dogs can be left outside for longer durations as they do not mind being alone. Plus, the thick hair coat also helps them withstand cold temperatures.


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