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Home Dog Breed Directory Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is an active and outgoing small sized dog. These highly affectionate dogs love to please their owners with their amusing acts. At times, they simply lie peacefully on your lap and take away all your stress and tension leaving you calm and relaxed.

These dogs are the descendents of King Charles Spaniel dog breed that was named after Charles I of England. Moreover, King Charles II was so devoted, in fact addicted to this breed that he travelled with his beloved dog to all the places and passed a decree that the dog could not be denied entry into public places in the country. The dog has even been depicted in several 16th, 17th and 18th century paintings.


Physical Appearance

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a large toy breed with a small yet well proportioned body. The dark brown eyes with dark eye rims are round in shape and set well apart.

They tend to have large, drooping ears. The well set tail is usually carried gaily over the back. The ears, chest, legs, feet and tail are generally well feathered.

Color: They are available in four colors: Blenheim (chestnut and white), tricolor (black and white with tan markings), ruby, and black and tan. In Blenheim dogs, a chestnut spot on the top of the head between the ears is usually preferred.
Height: Both male as well as female Cavalier King Charles Spaniels generally grow up to 12-13 inches in height.
Weight: The average weight of these dogs ranges between 13 to 18 pounds.


Health Problems

Mitral Valve Heart Disease that starts off as Heart Murmur is perhaps one of the most troublesome health problems in these dogs. Other common health problems in Cavalier King Charles Spaniel breed dogs are Syringomyelia, Subluxating Patella, Cataract, Retinal Dysplasia, Deafness, Ear Infections, Kidney Problems, Skin Problems etc.

These dogs are prone to obesity. Therefore, they should not be fed excessively. Being overweight may increase the risk of developing other conditions like Hip Dysplasia, Elbow Dysplasia, Arthritis, Diabetes and so on.

Life Expectancy: The average lifespan of these excellent companion dogs ranges between 9 to 14 years.


Grooming Requirements

The silky, moderate to long hair coat of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel dog breed is easy to maintain. It can be slightly wavy but not curly. The luxurious hair coat should be brushed and combed at least twice in a week’s time to avoid matting and tangling.

The grooming requirements usually increase during the shedding seasons when these dogs shed moderately. Besides, the hair around the paw pads should be trimmed regularly on a monthly basis to avoid infections.

Their eyes and long ears should also be checked and cleaned regularly in order to detect and avoid ear infections. Bath or dry shampoo your Cavalier only when necessary.


Temperament

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel breed dogs are charming, affectionate, trustworthy, friendly, playful, outgoing, bold and intelligent in temperament. These adorable dogs thrive on human companionship and hence should not be left alone for longer durations.

They are generally loving and playful around children, provided the children behave well too. They tend to get along well with other pets too but can be aggressive towards unfamiliar smaller animals. Cavalier King Charles Spaniel dogs are usually suspicious but not aggressive towards strangers.


Key Points

The favorite pastimes of a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel are swimming and playing retrieving games. These indoor dogs are well suited for apartment life. Though, your high spirited and extrovert King Cavalier can become noisy at times.

Therefore, proper training and socialization are must for these fearless dogs. They generally excel at obedience training as they are comparatively easy to communicate with.

They are moderately active indoors and hence require some space in small sized yard to fulfill their daily activity needs. Plus, following the ritual of daily walks helps to provide sufficient physical and mental stimulation to these delightful dogs. Cavalier King Charles Spaniel dogs do well in moderate to cold climates.
 
 

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